FRCV – A Complete Details 

Posted on Posted in Army News, Asian Defence News, Defence Analysis, Indian Defence News, International Defence News

Here is an article on India’s Future Ready Combat Vehicle program with detail informations. From here one can get an idea what actually India to get in near future. 

Note:

1) Every info is taken from the Official Website of Indian Army 

2) Images are just for representation 

3) Image courtesy and credits to their rewpective owners

Information Source : Click Here 


 INTRODUCTION:

   The Indian Army is planning to design and develop a new generation, state-of-the-art combat vehicle platform for populating its Armoured Fighting Vehicle fleet in the coming decade. This vehicle, which will be called the Future Ready Combat Vehicle (FRCV), will form the base platform for the Main Battle Tank which is planned to replace the existing T-72 tanks in the Armoured Corps. It is also planned to subsequently develop other need-based variants on this platform. The  Indian  Army  is  seeking  development  of  futuristic  combat  vehicle  for  induction  by 2025-27. The MoD , India , has decided to procure approximately 1770 Armoured Fighting Vehicles (in various kit combinations) in a Phased Manner, along with 10 Years Performance Based Logistics, Transfer of Technology Engineering Support Package, Personnel Training, Training Aggregates including Technical Training Simulators, Documentation and spares Package for replacing a part of its ageing Armoured Fighting Vehicle fleet as part of the Modernisation Plan.

SYSTEMS:
        A  ‘Future’  Combat  Platform  design  must  cater  for  ‘future’  battlefield  environment  and technological  possibilities.  To  address  the  future  battlefield  scenario  and  the  envisaged  force profile  in  the  coming  years,  the  FRCV  needs  to  be  developed  on  a  modular  concept  with  a  high degree  of flexibility  in a  manner that, as a  tank  platform,  it can address the varying requirements of different terrain configurations.  At the same time  it can  provide the base on which a ‘Family of Vehicles’,  catering to the operational needs of various arms of the Army,  can  be developed.       
The  following  variants are  planned to  be  developed on the FRCV platform:-
(a) Tracked Main Battle Tank – Primary variant.

(b) Tracked Light Tank.

(c) Wheeled Version.

(d) Bridge Layer Tank (BLT).

(e) Trawl Tank and Mine Ploughs.

(f) Armoured Recovery Vehicle (ARV).

(g) Self Propelled Artillery Gun/Howitzer.

(h) Air Defence Gun/Msl System.

(j) Artillery Observation Post Vehicle.

(k) Engineer Reconnaissance Vehicle.

(l) Armoured Ambulance.

CHARACTERISTICS:
1) Physical Characteristics:

(a) Basic Configuration-

(i) A Tracked Fighting Vehicle of Medium Weight Class (All up combat weight not to exceed 50Tons ± 15%).

(ii) All systems and assemblies including ammunition should be able to operate in an ambient temperature range of minus 30°C to plus 50°C, to include High Altitude Areas (HAA), after incorporating suitable modification kits.

(b) Dimensions- 
 The Physical Dimensions including its weight should be such that they do not impede its transportability by in-service Rail, Road (On Tank Transporters), Ship and Air, as also operational mobility within the theatre of operations. 

(c) Crew- 
The Crew Configuration should be 4/3 and should be able to perform their designated tasks in an Intense Operational Scenario efficiently and operate all on-board systems without hindrance.

2) Operational Characteristics:

(a)Main Gun-
Smooth Bore, 120mm/125mm.
(b) Secondary Armament- 

(i) Coaxial Machine Gun: 
The existing (7.62mm) or an improved Machine Gun in service. Minimum Range of 1000m.

(ii) Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun: 
Minimum 12.7 mm capable of effectively engaging aerial targets up to Minimum 1500m and ground targets up to Minimum 2000m. It should be capable of being remotely operated (including cocking and firing) while closed down.

(c) Ammunition-
 (i) KE (APFSDS).

(ii) CE (HEAT, HE).

(iii) Gun Tube Launched Advance Anti-Tank Guided Missile.

(d) Lethality-
(i) KE. At least 800 mm (650 mm in other case) 2000 m at 60° 

Angle of Attack on a RHA target.

(ii) CE. At least 1200 mm (1000 mm in other case) 2000 m at 60° Angle of Attack on a RHA target.

(iii) Anti-Tank Guided Missile. At least 1200 (1000 mm in other case) mm at 5000 m.

(e) Rate of Fire Minimum-
6-8 Rounds Per Minute.
(f) Angle of Firing (Main Armament)-

Armament Front

(i) Min Depression. 5°in the complete 

Horizontal Envelope.

(ii) Min Elevation. 15° in the complete 

Horizontal Envelope.

(iii) Traverse Angle. 360°
(g) Ready to Fire Rounds-

Minimum 10 Rounds in Ready Round Stowage System for rapid loading of the Main Gun

(h) Minimum Gun 

Life-Minimum 600 Effective Full Charge 
(i) Fire Control System- 

Full Solution Fire Control System to have:

(i) Accuracy to achieve the First Round Hit Probability (FRHP) of Minimum 90%.

(ii) Multiple Operating Modes (Hunter Killer) 

(iii) Minimum Identification Ranges (Standard 

Tank Target under standard weather conditions)

(aa) By Day- 5000m.

(ab) By Night- 3500m.

(iv) Capability to carry out Indirect Fire.
(j) Ballistic Computer Electronic and DigitalDigital

(k) Image digitizer with video switcherIndependent Automatic Target Tracking from Gunner and Commander’s Station with Hunter killer included

(3) Vision/ Viewing Devices:

(a) Day and Night Vision 

Devices-
(i) Commander. 2-Axis independently stabilised, 3600 FOV Panoramic, integrated day-cum-night sight, laser range finder, having day colour camera. It should have an Optical Channel as back-up.

(ii) Gunner. 2-Axis independently stabilised, integrated day-night sight, Multichannel with sighting and thermal channels laser range finder and built-in- laser missile guidance channel,having day colour camera. It should have an optical channel as back-up. There should be an Auxiliary/ Standby sight.

(iii) Driver. Day and night sight (viewing range at least 500m, upgradable up to 1000m), with at least 1500FOV.

(iv) Systems Operator (If Part of Crew). 3600rotatable day sight, with at least 600FOV.

(b) Monitoring/ Viewing Devices-Devices-

Rugged-ised Video Viewing Device with current technology Display unit. It should facilitate data input and operating of systems integrated with the FCS by both Gunner and Commander. It should have the facility of merging and displaying inputs from all systems on-board, like BMS, BITE, etc.

(c) Field of View and Magnification-

Adjustable to carry out their designated tasks both during day and night, in all weather conditions, without any add-on device/ measures for assistance.

(d) Parallel Sight Minimum Identification Range-
(i) By Day- 2000m

(ii) At Twilight- 1000m

(4) Other Capabilities:
(a) Built-In Test Facility-

‘On-board Monitoring and Diagnostic System’ which will be receiving inputs from sensors of various systems fitted in the tank and provide real time information on digital display regarding status of serviceability of the system. 

(b) Mil Std-


All Electrical and Electronic System/Sub-Systems/Assemblies shall comply with latest version of JSS: 55555 (or the latest standard/ protocol in vogue), as applicable at the time of issue of Request for Proposal. Other components shall be of Military-Grade Standards to ensure the ReliabilStd-and Ruggedisation of the components.

(c) Bore Sighting Equipment-

Provision to carry out Bore Sighting of the Main Gun with error not exceeding ±0.1 milli Radian (m Rad).

(d) Gun Control System-

All-Electric-Drive System in all planesSystem-stabilisation in both vertical and horizontal planes. There should be a manual operation feature as back up, for both traversing and elevating mechanisms.

(e) Ammunition Stowage Capacity-

(i) Main Gun – At least 40 rounds per tank (including Anti-Tank Guided Missiles).

(ii) Anti-Aircraft Machine Gun – At least 800 rounds.

(iii) Coax Machine Gun – At least 2000 rounds.
(5) Survivability:
(a) Protection-
 At least 1200 mm (800 mm in other case) RHA including ERA panel/ add on 

armour in frontal 60° arc. The tank belly must be able to survive Improvised Explosive Device and mine blasts of up to 25 kgs (15 kgs in other case) of TNT.


(b) Active Protection System-


Active Protection Suite to contribute to the 360° all-round protection (including against top-attack). It should have both soft and hard kill capability, to destroy multiple CE and KE threats.

(c) Smoke Anti-Thermal Anti-Laser Smoke Discharger System capable of creating a smoke screen at distances ranging up to 60m from the place of firing, within 5-6 seconds of being fired.

(d) Mine Counter Measures System-

System should be modular and included in the all up combat weight and in addition capable of neutralising influence mines.

(e)Chemical Biological Reaction Nuclear Protection-

The Crew and all Systems should be protected against the effects of Nuclear Explosions, EMP attacks, Toxic Chemical Agents and Biological Warfare Agents and be able to operate effectively in a Chemical Biological Reaction Nuclear environment for Six Hours. It should also incorporate an automated digital CBRN warning system along with serviceability indication.

(f) Ergonomics-
 The tank should have suspended seats for the crew members, capable of absorbing the energy of an explosion of up to 15kgs of TNT in the belly.

(g) Instant Fire-Detection and Suppression System

Incorporating environment-friendly, non-ozone depleting suppressant materials, and having an automatic activation response of not more than 100 milliseconds for the crew compartment and 01 second for the engine compartment along with serviceability indications. 

(h) Ammunition Storage-

All ammunition should be stored in easily accessible containerised compartments, with suitable safety measures like Blow-Off Panels, to ensure Crew Protection from any accidental explosion involving blast, heat and fire.

(i) Signature anagement Technologies-

Incorporate Signature Management Technologies to suppress various signatures viz, Visual, Acoustic, Thermal and Electromagnetic, by at least 25% of the unsuppressed value.

(6) Mobility:

(a) Power to Weight Ratio-

Not less than 25:1 HP/Ton, with Full Combat Weight.

(b) Maximum speed-

(i) Forward.

(aa) Cross Country. At least 45 kmph.

(ab) Road. At least 70 kmph.

(ii) Reverse-

At least 20 kmph.

(c) Acceleration-

From 0-40 kmph in not more than 10 seconds on Flat Gravel Ground.

(d) Tilt At least 250
(e) Gradient At least 300
(f) Nominal Ground Pressure (NGP)-

Not more than 0.85 kg/cm2
(g) Operating Range Not less than 300km in Cross-Country/Desert Terrain and 500km on Road.

(h) Obstacle Crossing Capability-

(i) Minimum Fording Capabilities: –

(aa) Shallow Fording. 1.2m depth, without Tank Preparation.

(ab) Medium Fording. 1.8m depth, after 15 Minutes Preparation.

(ac) Deep Fording. 5m depth, for a Minimum Width up to 1000m.

(ii) Vertical Obstacle-
Not less than 0.85m (without external attachments).

(iii) Trench Crossing-
Not less than 2.6m(without external attachments).

(i) Suspension Dynamic Suspension System.
(j) Transmission system-

An Automatic Transmission System, with a Mechanical Redundancy. 

(k) Engine-

 1500 HP with the option of Manual Override by the Crew and Alternate Starting Mode. The life of the Engine (without overhaul) should not be less than 1000 hours.

(l) Tracks-

Quick-Fit and Detachable Rubberised Pads, incorporating a Dynamic And Automatic Track Tension Measurement and Adjustment System.

(m) Braking System-

Regenerative Braking System.
(n) Special Equipment

(o) It should have a facility for aligning the tank for negotiating a Bridge Layer Tank Railway Wagon/ Tank Transporter.The tank should have Self-Extrication Capability.

(7) Communication:
(a) Radio Communication-

Software Defined Radio. It should be integrated with the Inter-Crew Communication System and other Electronic Systems installed in the tank.

(b) External Communication and Inter Communication:

(i) External Communication. The facility to communicate with other stations on the external radio network should be available to all crew members.

(ii) Internal Communication. A digital Crew Inter-Communication System for all the crew members. There should be external sockets to enable communication with a person located outside the tank.

(c) Remote Communication-

The Commander should be able to communicate remotely with all outstations as well as on the Internal Communication while away from his tank up to a distance of 25m.

(8) Other Capabilities:
(a) Battlefield Management System-

To include an advanced Identification-Friend-or-Foe system. The Situation Awareness Data obtained from the Tactical Information Systems shall be displayed on a Geographic Information System, Military Grade based touch panel, located inside the Future Ready Combat Vehicle.

(b) Navigation-Navigation-
The Hybrid Navigation System, retaining the capability for incorporating satellite (Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System) and Inertial Navigation as and when it is Operationalized.

(c) Ergonomics & Crew Comfort-

(i) Improved Tank Helmets, incorporating Built-In Noise-Cancelling Headphones and Enabling Hands-Free Communication.

(ii) A 1500 Viewing Arc for the Driver while driving closed down. There should also be a provision for rear and side view display inside the driver compartment.

(iii) Provision for storing potable water at a scale of 20 litres per day per crew member and vehicle for 72 hours.

(iv) There should be a provision forEmergency Escape for the Crew in the Tank.

(v) There should be a provision of Individual Underwater Breathing Apparatus (IUWBA) for all Crew Members for Survivability during Deep Fording.

(d) Environment Control Unit-

With Minimum Temperature to be maintained at 25°± 05°C at Ambient Temperature 45°±5°C.

(e) Auxiliary Power Unit-

To operate Specified Systems (FCS, Viewing Devices, GCE, Communication Systems, Battlefield Management System, Navigation System, and Battery Charging) for up to Six Hours continuously with the Main Engine Off.

(f) Stowage-
  The Future Ready Combat Vehicle should have suitable ruggedized containers and arrangements for the logistic needs of the crew so that they can be Self-Contained for 96 hours.

(g) Mil Std All electrical and electro-mechanical systems/sub systems/assemblies of Future Ready Combat Vehicle shall comply with latest version of EMI/EMC Test Standard 861 as applicable at the time of issue of RFP.

(9) Operation and Maintenance:

(a) Family of Technical Support Vehicles:

(i) Minimum two workshop-level Technical Support Vehicle, one as Workshop Repair Lorry (Chassis and Automotive, Armament, Electrical any other facilities) and second as Guided Weapon System and Communication System Repair Lorry (Missiles and Communication Requirements), based on the systems that can be diagnosed and repaired/replaced in Battle Conditions. 

(ii) The Vehicle Platform should be in Service 8 x 8 Vehicle.

(b) Built-In Test Facility:

(i) The Future Ready Combat Vehicle should have an ‘On-board Monitoring and Diagnostic system’ which will be receiving inputs from sensors of various systems fitted in the tank and provide real time information on digital display regarding status of serviceability of the system. 

(ii) Each system should incorporate a built-in diagnostic and test facility and will be displayed on the information unit of the commander. Driver will have a separate display system for systems related to Engine, Transmission, and Running Gear.

(c) Mil Std-
 All electrical and electronic system/sub-systems/assemblies of Future Ready Combat Vehicle shall comply with latest version of JSS: 55555 (or the latest standard/ protocol in vogue).as applicable at the time of issue of Request for Proposal. Other components shall be of Military-Grade Standards to ensure the Reliability and Ruggedisation of the components.

(d) Reliability:
(i) All systems and sub-systems, including ammunition, should be capable of operating between minus 30° and plus 50° C ambient temperature to include HAA areas.

(ii) The assemblies/sub-assemblies of all systems of Future Ready Combat Vehicle should have very high Mission Reliability and very high Mean Time Between Failures /Mean Time To Repair.

(e) Maintainability:
 (i) The Future Ready Combat Vehicle should incorporate modular systems to enable quick replacement and repairs at Field Workshop level.

 (ii) All sub-systems of the Future Ready Combat Vehicle should have high Mean Time Between Failures and low Mean Time Taken to Repair. 

(f) Technical Literature/User Handbooks-

All the requisite technical literature and user handbooks, in bilingual form, should be provided along with the tank.

(g) Training Aids-
(i) Containerised Advance Training Simulators for Driving, Gunnery and Crew Integration.

(ii) Section-ised/ Working models, Technical Charts and Blow-Up Diagrams.

(iii) Computer Based Trainer packages.

(iv) Tactical-Cum-Firing Training system which can be integrated into the tank FCS.

(h) Driver Information System-

(i) A processor unit which will display vital performance parameters of engine and transmission unit. Based on the parameters, the processor should also display messages related to periodical maintenance tasks and have facilities to enter the date of carrying out the tasks for retrieval of information at later point of time.

(ii) Software being used in any of the systems/simulators must be developed as per procedure stipulated in IEEE 12207 or mutually agreed procedure which is better. The quality model used by the manufacturer/developer of software should be ISO/IEC 25010:2015 or better.

(10) Initial and Recurring Requirement:
(a) Prototypes-
 03 tanks for user trials.
(b) Series Production-

Not less than 150 tanks per year

SOME KEY POINTS:
(a) Tank Urban Survival Kit (TUSK)-

The crew should be able to fit TUSK within Six Hours in Field. The sides and belly should have protection from CE weapons and IEDs of up to 25kg of TNT.

(b) Shooting Sensing-

Provision to incorporate Shooting Sensing Technology to sense the direction of firing by an Anti-Tank Weapon System.

(d) Stealth Technologies-

Stealth and Signature Management Technologies 

as part of Survivability Measures, as and when 

developed.
(e) Mobility-
(1) Active Suspension–

Active Suspension for sensing the terrain and providing a fully stable firing platform during move.

(2) Codificationand Standardisation

(i) All items of Future Ready Combat Vehicle down to component level must be codified with Bar Coded Identification. 

(ii) In case of indigenous manufacture, the items shall be codified from the directorate of standardisation at the time of supply of Future Ready Combat Vehicle and part numbers mentioned in technical documents.

KEY CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME DESIRED SYSTEMS:

 

(a) Intelligent Power Management System to provide Distributed Power.

(b) Modular, Variable HP, intelligent engine with Minimum 1500 HP.

(c) Light Weight, High Hardness Composite Material for Passive Armour

These are what Indian Army wants in their new future armoured platform.

What do you think about this? Write in the comment section.

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