After the 1975 , altercation between India and Chinese Troops in which the Chinese shot down four jawans of the Assam Rifles at the Mago area of Tawang, in Arunachal Pradesh the borders have remained peaceful and tranquility has been maintained by both the sides.
But the recent aggression by the Chinese Army has highlighted their border infrastructure in the Chumbi valley which consists of (Western Bhutan , Indian State of Sikkim and illegally occupied Tibet) .This is the high-altitude Dolam Plateau (Sinicized to “Doklam” by the Chinese), on which all three countries have territory. The incident reportedly took place on the Doko La ridge in the area.
China is trying to build a ‘Class-40 road’ in the Doklam plateau that can take the weight of military vehicles weighing up to 40 tonnes, which include light battle tanks, artillery guns and the like , now it’s important to add that the People’s Liberation Army declared in Beijing on Thursday that it had conducted trials of a new 35-tonne tank in the plains of Tibet , which has raised the alarm of officials sitting in New Delhi and Thimpu.
But now many people are asking as to what’s so special about the Chumbi Valley , also known as The Tri Juncture where Indian Bunkers we’re destroyed by PLA troops ?
The answer is obvious, the Chinese want a strategic advantage by encroaching the Valley , this will give me an upper hand over the Indian Troops
If the PLA troops are successful in capturing even one third of the valley , then it during a Chinese breakthrough , it will be easy for the PLA troops to reach and block the Silliguri Corridor or what is commonly known as the Chicken’s Neck
Breaking this neck would be very costly for India , as the 27 km wide Siliguri Corridor which connects North Eastern states with the main land will be choked by the PLA this cutting down the 7 North Eastern states with the rest of India.
(The 27 km wide Siliguri Corridor which connects the north eastern states with the mainland , encroachment of the Chumbi valley would bring the PLA troops nearer to the corridor)
If China extracts more territory in the Tri-junction area, that would shorten the distance to Siliguri. It would also widen the mouth of the Chumbi Valley – a dagger-shaped salient of Chinese territory that protrudes southwards
CHINESE DEAL –
China has also been pushing Bhutan hard for the last two decades to go in for a “package deal”.
Under it, Beijing wants Thimphu to cede control over Doklam plateau, while it surrenders claims to the 495 sq km of territory in Jakurlung and Pasamlung valleys in northern Bhutan.
BEIJING’S TACTICS –
One of the Beijing’s old tactic for land encroachment is to first observe and then surreptitiously enter the area , as stated by many defence analysts and by observing chain of past incidents of PLA troop’s silent incursion is firstly to
1) Send Yak headers into the territory which they have their eyes on ,
2) Then build “civilian huts and make shifts tents”.
3) And finally sending in a full company of army engineers to build all weather bunkers and then roads
INDIA’S TROOPS DEPLOYMENT IN THE CHUMBI VALLEY
India guards Sikkim heavily with two mountain divisions (17 Mountain Division in Gangtok and 27 Mountain Division in Kalimpong ) A third division remains ready in wartime to guard Bhutan’s western border with China, so that Chinese troops cannot outflank Sikkim’s defences through Bhutan.
The 17 Mountain Division has the responsibility of guarding the Eastern part of Sikkim with 4 brigades under it (each having 3000 soldiers under it).
Amid the reports of Chinese in Bhutan back in 2007 , 6000 soldier of the 27 Mountain Brigade were relocated to it’s home base in Kalimpong from the insurgency hit Kashmir
– Kushal Sinha